How to ski that “daliyskitour.com” suggest
- Put on your ski boots. You’ll need to find the right size and adjust the tightness. At rest, your foot should be be essentially immobile but not compressed. Your toes should not press against the front of the boot when you bend your knees to point your shins slightly forward at the angle of the boot. The top of the boot should be snug around your ankle.It’s easiest to walk in ski boots by taking long steps, smoothly rolling the stiff boot bottom forward heel-to-toe with your lower leg straight as your body passes over.Once you have your boots on, carry your skis and poles out to the snow. The skis have edges with sharp angles that might have rough or sharp spots, so carry them with gloves.
- Separate your skis. Your skis might be locked together, bottom-to-bottom, by the clip-like “snow brakes” extending from the bindings past the flat sides. Their purpose is to keep the skis from sliding away when they pop off your boots during a fall, which protects your knees from excessive twisting. They also make a pair of skis easier to carry. Find a flat area in the snow. Set the pair of skis upright on their back end, hold down the one with its brake “inside”, and gently shake and wiggle off the one with its brake “outside”.
- Step into your skis. Set the skis pointing in the same direction about a foot apart. Many skis will work on either foot, but check to see if your skis have any “L” or “R” markings on them and, if so, put them on the correct side. Stick your poles in the snow on each side of the skis, a few inches to the side and next to the front edge of the binding. Hold onto the poles and, one foot at a time, tuck the flange at the boot’s toe into the front binding and then push the flange at the boot’s heel into the rear binding, which should close with a click. Slide each foot back and forth a little to check that the ski has attached. If it hasn’t, try again.
- Learn how to take your skis off. To take off a ski, or to reset its latch to retry a failed mounting (or if it fails to reset itself after detaching from your boot during a fall), push down the lever behind the boot so that it is parallel to the ski. This is most easily pushed with a pole by putting the spike into the indentation.If you fall and have trouble righting yourself, take off the ski on your “ground side” (the side that is flat on the ground), right yourself with the other ski and poles, and then remount the removed ski.
- Learn how to walk in skis. One of the first things you should learn is how to move around in skis. You will end up walking in skis when you are getting to a lift, or if you fall and have to get to a wayward ski, among other instances. One of the most common ways to move yourself over flat or uphill terrain is to keep the skis parallel and push yourself forward with the poles. With both arms simultaneously, stab the poles, angled gently rearward, into the snow beside you, rotate your entire arms smoothly backward, and repeat. The angle lets you use your stronger shoulder muscles rather than your weaker forearm muscles to pull back. Pull one side more than the other to turn. Do not “saw” the skis back and forth as with a skiing exerciser or move arms alternately: cross-country skiing uses special hinged bindings to enable sweeping ski motion and wax to help pressure on part of the ski during part of the sawing motion move you forward. This method is good for starting onto a downhill stretch because the skis are positioned parallel, ready to go.”Herringbone” (a technique named after the fish-bone patterns the skis leave in the snow). Point your ski tips away from each other, so they make a “V” shape, and take small steps forward. Tilt the leading edge into the snow and push forward to prevent slipping back. Bend your knees and lean forward a little so you can use the stronger leg-extension muscles to push yourself forward rather than the weaker leg-rotation muscles to pass one ski after another under you. You can climb hills this way. Spread the skis more the steeper the hill, and if you begin to slide backwards. Use the poles to avoid falling over, and keep them outside of the skis’ area so you don’t trip on them.You can also “side-step” up an incline. Stand perpendicular (sideways) to the slope of the hill, dig the uphill edges of your skis into the snow (as with the herringbone) and take small steps sideways. Keep the skis perpendicular to the slope at your point, and use the poles to reduce unwanted forward or backward slipping as you work your way sideways up the hill.Skate-skiing is fastest. Angle the skis as if to “herringbone”, but allow yourself to slide forward smoothly on one close to directly under you and transition to gently digging it in sideways and kicking it outward as you place the other ski under you on the other side, maintaining forward momentum, much as with ice skating. You’ll smoothly transition to herringbone movement on steep surfaces.
- Know which technique works best for you. The leg muscles are stronger than the arm muscles, especially in women and untrained men, so as a beginner try to use the herringbone and skate-skiing techniques as much as possible to avoid prematurely tiring your upper body.Do not go up any hills until you are confident in basic movements with your skis.
- Assume the basic skiing posture. Bend your knees so your shins rest on the front of the boots and lean forward slightly. The length of the skis will make falling forward unlikely. Leaning back, though tempting when you’re feeling out of control, will not normally stop you and will actually make the skis even harder to control. Put your hands through the straps on the ski poles and hold the poles by your sides. During most actual skiing, you’ll want them ready to be used, but won’t actually use them.Do not bend sharply forward. Ski racers often use the “French egg position” of hunching forward onto their thighs to minimize air resistance in straights, but it keeps the hips from swiveling and the arms from swinging freely for balance or leveraging poles for turns.
- Keep yourself from sliding in any direction. Spread the tips apart (herringbone) to stop sliding backwards, and the backs apart (wedge) to stop sliding forwards. The muscles for pushing the legs outward are much stronger than the ones for pushing them inwards, so forcing the skis apart against gravity’s force works while forcing them together just leads to uncomfortable “splits”.
- Learn how to stop. Point your skis together, then push your heels out to form a wedge with an open point and the leading sides tilted slightly up into the oncoming snow. This is known as the “pizza”, “wedge”, or “snowplow” after an old-fashioned wedge-shaped plow. The wider you spread it, the slower you go. Do not overlap the tips of your skis–that tends to lead to a loss of control.
- Learn how to turn. Once you have mastered the “pizza” you can move on to a more advanced way of stopping. This involves turning so that your skis are perpendicular to the downward slope of the hill. Turning is also an important part of skiing (as well as stopping). To turn, all you have to do is point your feet (and your skis) in the direction you want to travel. For a strong “parallel turn”, push the “outside” ski away from the body keeping it parallel to the direction of travel. You and your skis will turn. For an extra smooth “carved” turn, tilt the outside ski’s ankle to bite its ski’s inside edge into the snow and ride on a banked turn. You should feel the ski cutting into the snow to generate the turning force, rather than sliding sideways over the snow. If you want to stop while turning, keep your feet in the plow position and turn across and slightly up the hill. You will come to a slow stop.Eventually, you will be able to stop simply by turning and placing enough force against the snow that you come to a halt with your skis still in a parallel position.
A very quick parallel turn of the skis before the body’s motion has a chance to catch up to their new orientation, followed by pressure on the uphill ski to dig them into the snow, results in a “hockey stop”. This takes practice!
Learn how to fall. If you are about to crash into a tree or another person, and are a beginner, don’t try to swerve, as you will probably hit something else. Instead, just fall to your side. When possible, fall uphill as you are much less likely to get injured when you fall uphill (your distance to fall is smaller and your skis stay downhill from your body). Try to absorb a fall with your hip and shoulder. Do not try to catch yourself with your arms, as you are much more likely to injure your arm that you are to injure your hip or shoulder.
Try to stay as relaxed as possible when you fall. If you feel yourself falling, try not to tense up or you will probably do more damage to yourself. When you tense up, your muscles become tight and you are much more likely to pull something
- Never cross your skis over each other. You will find that this quickly inhibits your control, causing you to fall down.
- Always be aware of your surroundings. If you fall in a crowded area, be mindful of nearby skiers, so that you don’t get clipped by another set of skis by mistake.
- Read and follow the “Skier’s Responsibility Code”. These are a set of rules that all skiers must obey, much like the “rules of the road”. They should be printed on the trail map as well as on signs at the base of all the lifts.
- Skiing can be very dangerous! Please stay on a slope that you can handle. Never ski on slopes too fast or too steep for your ability. Practice new techniques on easier slopes first. If you try a slope that you are not ready for, you risk injuring yourself or someone else.
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